Bharatpur - Deeg - Dholpur in Rajasthan

BHARATPUR in Rajasthan

Bharatpur, along with Deeg and Dholpur, holds an important place in the history of Rajasthan. Being close to Uttar keoladeo national parkPradesh, its lifestyle was strongly influenced by it. Another interesting aspect of this region is the domination of the Jats as ruling power. The Jats were active in the late 17th century and leaders like Churaman and Badan Singh brought the Jats together to turn them into a formidable force. Suraj Mal, Badan Singh’s son, and perhaps the greatest ruler of this area, started work on the Bharatpur fort in 1732. This fort, known as Lohagarh, or the Iron Fort, took sixty years to build and is still the focal point of the town. This formidable fort shaped the history of Bharatpur – the British laid siege to it but after four months and great losses, they had to retreat. This gave the ruler an upper hand against the British and Bharatpur became the first state to sign a treaty of ‘Permanent Equal Frindship’ with the East India Company. This gave Bharatpur a chance to live in peace throughout the rest of the British period.

Baratpur is close to Delhi as well as Jaipur and well connected to other major cities. Visited mainly for the Keoladeo Ghana National Park, Bharatpur is a small but busy town. The fort is different from other Rajasthani forts. At one time it was encircled by a moat with very thick mud walls. Today, most of the fort is occupied by government offices and a museum. One interesting fact here is the lack of ostentation, it seem very stark and functional, without intricate carvings, painted embellishments and other ornamentation. The museum in the fort has some interesting sculptures, collected from various ancient and early medieval sites in nearby areas.

North and Mallah are two villages near Bharatpur where some rare archaeological finds dating back to the 1st century were found.

DEEG in Bharatpur

deeg palaceLocated 34 km north Bharatpur, Deegs is known for its palaces and gardens. The care and planning that went into the Mughal Gardens has been followed by the rulers here. It a small town with agriculture as its main focus but the tourist would enjoy visiting the well preserved and laid out palace pavilions.

Gopal Bhawan overlooking the Gopal Sagar, Nand Bhawan, Krishna Bhanwan and the ingeniously designed waterworks of the Keshav Bhawan are of interest here. Most of these palaces are rich in history and one can find strong reminders of the Mughal influence.

DHOLPUR in Rajasthan

A fairly recent state which came about 1805, Dholpur is known country – wide for its locally-quarried sandstone. This is a res stone which had been used extensively in not only palaces but also in the buildings of New Delhi. Being closer to agra, Dholpur witnessed many important battles. Jhor, a village 16 km form Dholpur, was the site of the oldest Mughal garden in the subcontinent. Started in 1527 by Babar, it was discovered in the late 1970s and there are still signs of the intricate planning that went into these famed gardens.

Mach Kund, lake surrounded by over a hundred temples, lies a km away and only comes to life once a year for a pilgrimage.

Surrounding areas like Bari, Damoh waterfull near Sarmathura. Talab-e-Shahi lake and Kanpur Mahal, Van Vihar Wildlife Sanctuary and Ram Sagar Sanctuary offer interesting excursions. What appear as insignificant villages now, have a fascinating history. The proximity to the Mughal capitals has left its mark in all these areas – the Mughal influence is very strong here.